Pruning is an agricultural practice that involves the selective removal of particular parts of the plant, such as the roots, branches, and buds. It is important to prune trees to remove the deadwood, reduce the possibility of falling branches and to improve the health of the plant. Pruning applies to plants such as the grapevine, rose, fruit and landscaping trees. Readout this article to learn various aspects that you should know about tree pruning.
When Is It Right To Carry Out Tree Pruning?
A good gardener should start pruning trees soon after planting. They should remove diseased, broken and dead branches right away. However, it is not recommendable to start pruning for shape in the first winter after planting the tree.
Talking about seasons, there is never a wrong time to start pruning a tree. However, most trees benefit from pruning during the mid to late winter. At this point of the year, the trees are in a dormant state and will encourage new growth once the weather starts to warm.
Fall is not entirely bad for pruning, but it is always advisable to wait for a few months to start pruning. Pruning during fall might introduce diseases to the tree and can encourage new growth as well, which gets damaged once winter starts to kick in.
Finally, pruning during summer is not a popular option as well. However, you can use this period to direct the growth by slowing down the development of a branch or the entire tree. If you want to use this form of pruning, you should ensure that the growth has reached its peak.
Types of Tree Pruning:
A gardener can adopt different types of tree pruning. Every tree pruning option aims to create a tree with air circulation and excellent light and maintain attractiveness and strength. There are four general types of pruning which are as follows:
- Crown Thinning: This process involves removing specific branches and reduce the overall density of the tree. The goal of the procedure is to improve air circulation and sunlight penetration
- Crown Raising: In this kind of pruning, the gardener lifts the bottom edge of the tree to clear the traffic or a view for a building.
- Crown Reduction: This process works best for older and mature trees. It involves the removal of a tree branch back to a lateral growing branch. Eventually, the lateral branch becomes part of the new tree crown.
- Crown Cleaning: This process involves the removal of the diseased, dead, and broken branches while trimming a tree. The process strengthens the tree and ensures the safety and cleanliness of the landscaping.
Why Pruning is Vital:
There are a lot of benefits that result from tree pruning. The benefits that pruning has to offer applies to anyone and everything associated with the process. Some of the benefits of pruning include:
- Ensure that the tree remains healthy
- Encourage fruit production
- Ensure more sunlight exposure to the tree
- Improves the view of a building
- Controls the growth of young trees
Factors that influence Good Tree Pruning:
Properly pruning a tree is critical for its maintenance. It is more than just cutting away dead branches and involves quite a lot of things. Some of the factors that influence proper tree pruning include:
- Prune during the winter season or the beginning of spring when the tree is typically inactive
- Avoid cutting too close to the trunk
- Use the right and sharp cutting tools
- Prune your fruit trees once they lose all their leaves and have become dormant
Pruning is a critical process for the growth of your trees. If you manage to do it well, you must be sure of excellent growth and a robust harvest if you own various fruit trees. However, it is necessary to observe due caution to avoid any injuries or mishandling the process.